Before you start

First, be sure to install the prerequisite software.

The currently supported platforms are Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Android and iOS. See this page for iOS-specific instructions.

Getting the code

For desktop development:
  1. If you're on Linux and have OpenJDK 7 installed in another location than Ubuntu's default:
    export JAVA_HOME=<location of OpenJDK 7>
  2. Create a working directory, enter it, and run:
    fetch webrtc
For Android development (only supported on Linux):
  1. Set the target OS in your environment:
    export GYP_DEFINES="OS=android"
  2. Create a working directory, enter it, and run:
    fetch webrtc_android
For iOS development:
  1. Set the target OS in your environment:
    export GYP_DEFINES="OS=ios"
  2. Create a working directory, enter it, and run:
    fetch webrtc_ios
The fetch command will take a while because it retrieves the whole Chromium repository for dependencies.
Do not interrupt this step or you will need to start over.

Updating the code

To update your checkout, run:
$ git pull
$ gclient sync
The gclient sync command fetches dependencies and also generates native build files for your environment using GYP (Windows: ninja/Visual Studio, OS X: ninja/XCode, Linux/Android: ninja). 

Ninja is the default build system for all platforms. It is possible to just generate new build files by calling:
$ gclient runhooks


Binaries are by default (i.e. when building with ninja) generated in out/Debug and out/Release for debug and release builds respectively. To build for iOS, see this page.

With Ninja

cd src
ninja -C out/Debug
ninja -C out/Release

Using another build system

You can directly specify which build system to use. This can be done if you don't want to use ninja. Set the GYP_GENERATORS environment variable to the string:
  • msvs for Visual Studio
  • msvs-ninja for Visual Studio project building with ninja
  • xcode for Xcode
Note, when the build environment is set to generate Visual Studio project files, GYP will by default, generate a project for the latest version of Visual Studio installed on your computer. It is possible to specify the desired Visual Studio version as described below:
Set environment variable GYP_MSVS_VERSION=<version> before runhooks or manually run the following gyp command from the src/ directory (this replaces gclient runhooks):
python webrtc/build/gyp_webrtc -G msvs_version=<version>
Where <version> is on the form YYYY.
Then use Visual Studio to open and build the src/all.sln solution file.

Contributing patches

Please see Contributing bug fixes for information on how to get your changes included in the webrtc codebase.

Example Applications

WebRTC contains several example applications which can be found under src/webrtc/examples and src/talk/examples. Higher level applications are listed first.

AppRTCDemo (Android application using WebRTC Native APIs via JNI)

Target name AppRTCDemo. The JNI wrapper is documented here. AppRTCDemo is documented here.

Peerconnection (Application using WebRTC Native APIs)

Peerconnection consist of two applications. A server application, with target name peerconnection_server, and a client application, with target name peerconnection_clientNote that we currently don't support peerconnection_client for Mac and Android.

The client application has simple voice and video capabilities. The server enables client applications to initiate a call between clients by managing signaling messages generated by the clients.

Setting up P2P calls between peerconnection_clients
Start peerconnection_server. You should see the following message indicating that it is running:
Server listening on port 8888

Start any number of peerconnection_clients and connect them to the server. The client UI consists of a few parts:
Connecting to a server: when the application is started you must specify which machine (IP-address) the server application is running on. Once that is done you can press "Connect" or the return button.
Select a peer: once successfully connected to a server you can connect to a peer by double clicking or select+press return on a peer's name.
Video chat: when a peer has been successfully connected to, a Video chat will be displayed in full window.
Ending chat session: press Esc. You will now be back to selecting a peer.
Ending connection: press Esc and you will now be able to select  which server to connect to.

Testing peerconnection_server
Start an instance of peerconnection_server application.
Open src/talk/examples/peerconnection/server/server_test.html in your browser. Click connect. Observe that the peerconnection_server announces your connection. Open one more tab using the same page. Connect it too (with a different name). It is now possible to exchange messages between the connected peers.

Call (Application that establishes a call using libjingle)

Target name call (currently disabled). Call uses xmpp (as opposed to SDP used by WebRTC) to allow you to login using your gmail account and make audio/video calls with your gmail friends. It is built on top of libjingle to provide this functionality.

Further, you can specify input and output RTP dump for voice and video. It provides two samples of input RTP dump: voice.rtpdump which contains a stream of single channel, 16Khz voice encoded with G722, and video.rtpdump which contains a 320x240 video encoded with H264 AVC at 30 frames per second. The provided samples will inter-operate with Google Talk Video. If you use other input RTP dump, you may need to change the codecs in (lines 215 - 222).

WebRTCDemo (Android application using media engines)

Target name WebRTCDemo. This app does not use WebRTC native APIs. It can send and receive media streams if manually connected to another WebRTCDemo that is directly accessible (e.g. firewalls might prevent you from establishing a connection). Further it allows setting, enabling and disabling audio and video processing functionality (e.g. echo cancellation, NACK, audio codec and video codec).

Relay server (specialized server application that can be used with Call)

Target name relayserverRelays traffic when a direct peer-to-peer connection can't be established.

Stun server

Target name stunserverImplements the STUN protocol for Session Traversal Utilities for NAT as documented in rfc5389.

Turn server

Target name turnserverIn active development to reach compatibility with rfc5766.